Osteoporosis is a progressive bone disease. It is mainly characterized by two features: a decrease in bone mass and a decrease in bone density. This can lead to an increased risk of bone fracture.
Osteoporosis does not present any symptoms as such, but it does carry the risk of increased susceptibility to fractures. Typically fractures occur in the vertebral column, hip, wrist and rib.
Some risk factors of osteoporosis are not modifiable. Advanced age, race, heredity, build and previous fractures are all risk factors that not much can be done about. However, there are also steps you can take to decrease your chances of developing osteoporosis. These include: